•  Estimation: climate scenarios are uncertain, but better than nothing, usually
  •  No greenwashing: CC is important, but mostly secondary to development
  •  Integrated planning: prioritisation happens in the plan/budget, against a frame
  •  No guff and gloss: all climate actions are not equally urgent
  •  Climate fund roles: use climate funds for studies and capacity-building


  • Business: estimating the impact of CC risks on your business and investment opportunities
  • Ministries of Finance: systems for rigorous appraisal and budget scoring
  • Line Ministries: designing  adaptation and mitigation actions and obtaining funds
  • Climate Funds: assessing funding applications
  • Voluntary Organisations: small donations from the Climate Scrutiny Fund


Climate Scrutiny works in the following areas

  • CC Plans and Strategies, including priority actions and financing frameworks
  • CC Impact Appraisal (CCIA), implications of CC for policy/project effectiveness
  • CC Public Expenditure Reviews (CPERs/CPEIRs), reviewing recent climate expenditure
  • Climate Budget Tagging (CBT), classifying public expenditure related to CC
  • CC Economic Growth Impact Model (CEGIM), analysing the impact of CC on economic growth
  • CC Financing Frameworks (CCFFs), combining CPEIRs, CCIA and CEGIM


  • India: CCFFs (SAPFINs) for Kerala, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh; CCIA in Maharashtra, Assam, Bihar
  • Pan-Africa: support for IBFCCA climate mainstreaming programme
  • Cambodia: CPEIR, CCFF, CEGIM, Carbon Neutral Strategy, Green Infrastructure Study
  • South Africa: CBT design/piloting
  • Vietnam: provincial CC mainstreaming (CPEIR, CBT)
  • Malawi: CPEIR